damage (Total 17833 Patents Found)

A printed circuit board for minimizing thermally-induced mechanical damage of solder joints electrically connecting electronic components to the printed circuit board. The printed circuit board includes a first substrate, solder pads, and an expansion layer. The first substrate has two substantially parallel major surf...
An apparatus for attenuating physical damage to a substrate, along with an attendant method, comprises as a first component a base plate having defined therein a location for receiving a substrate cassette. The apparatus also comprises a substrate retainer movably attached to the base plate such that when the substrate...
Methods for conducting an operation on a living organism are provided, including methods in which a channel is provided around a tissue of the organism, and an encapsulating composition is infused into the channel to encapsulate the tissue in a capsule. The capsule impedes materials encapsulated therein from migrating ...
A method of reducing the occurrence of brain cell damage or death caused by transient cerebral hypoxia/ischemia condition or a traumatic brain injury (TBI) event. The method typically comprises identifying a subject with a transient cerebral hypoxic and/or ischemic condition, or a TBI, and within 24 hours of onset of t...
A process is provided for substrate ashing following the etching of features in a low dielectric constant (low-k) layer. The low-k layer can include ultra-low-k material, or a porous low-k material. The process may be configured to remove etch byproducts while preserving feature critical dimension. The ashing process c...
An adjustable fixing device for acoustic emission test sensors for rock damage testing, the device including: a fixing frame; installation bases operating to accommodate the acoustic emission test sensors, respectively; fixing assemblies operating to fix the acoustic emission test sensors in the installation bases; and...
Methods are provided to increase resistance to cell damage in a subject. The increase in resistance to cell damage in a subject in the subject is accomplished by decreasing activity of eEF2 kinase in the subject. The eEF2 kinase activity can be decreased by decreasing the amount of functional eEF2 kinase produced by th...
Methods of administering in a cosmetic composition or a pharmaceutical composition, an effective amount of a peptide active principle originating from amaranth of the species Amaranthus hypochondriacus . The active principle is intended to activate cellular energy and to protect the skin from oxidativ damage, and the ...
A battery charging assembly includes a load management system, a charging cord with a battery connector, and circuitry for detecting cord removal or damage. The load management system monitors the heat buildup in a coiled portion of the charging cord and issues a corresponding signal to control the current flowing thro...
Provided is a method for reducing damage by harmful organisms in corn cultivation. Damage by harmful organisms in corn cultivation can be reduced by carrying out the steps of: A) making a furrow in a cultivated land; B) seeding the furrow formed in the foregoing step with corn; C) applying to the furrow one or more sel...
Described herein is the surprising discovery that ketone bodies protect cell and tissues from ionizing radiation. Based on this finding, methods of protecting animal tissue and cells from damage caused by radiation exposure are disclosed which include, contacting the tissue with a therapeutically effective amount of an...
A document handling apparatus having a document transport path for moving a document therethrough. A single detector proximate the transport detects a misfeed indication in the transport path. A processing system processes the indication and issues a termination signal if a misfeed is determined....
Systems and methods provide for edge protection and visual damage indication for a composite blade stringer. According to one aspect, an edge protection and visual indication system may be an edge treatment provided over an outer edge of a web of a composite blade stringer. The edge treatment may include a number of ma...
An apparatus for checking damage to a surge protector and automatically changing a surge protector includes a casing, a current inflow unit supplied with an external current, a current discharge unit configured to supply an inflow current to an external electronic device, surge protectors placed between the current inf...
The present invention provides means and methods for at least a partial prevention of cellular damage in disease resulting from hypoxia/ischemia (H/I)-related inflammation, preferably due to occlusion of blood vessels. Administration of IFN type-I before, around or after the time of lifting of the ischemia results in i...
An electromagnetic shield has a first patterned or apertured layer having non-conductive materials and conductive material and a second patterned or apertured layer having non-conductive materials and conductive material. The conductive material may be a metal, a carbon composite, or a polymer composite. The non-conduc...
A method and system for determining damage prediction of a component. The component may be critical component used in an aircraft or other vehicle experiencing cyclic loading. The method and system determines the ΔK, K max and K internal values for the component and utilizes these values in order to predict damage a...
A method to assess external corrosion in buried pipelines includes analysis of moisture content of soil along the length of the pipe to choose the most appropriate indirect inspection methods. External corrosion is assessed based on the unification of probability techniques using clustered inspection data and determini...
The thin film, circuit device is an subminiature overvoltage protection device in a surface mountable configuration for use in printed circuit board or thick film hybrid circuit technology. The surface mountable device (SMD) is designed to protect against electrostatic discharge (ESD) damage to electronic components. ...
Methods and apparatuses consistent with the present invention provide for improved cleaning while minimizing mechanical damage to clothes in automatic washer cycles using time-varying wash chamber oscillations. An automatic washer has a wash chamber with a central axis and is rotatable about the central axis. Items are...
A method, device and computer program product for preventing moisture damage to electronic circuitry of a device may include monitoring for a predetermined capacitance criterion on a surface of the device; and automatically powering off the device in response to detecting the predetermined capacitance criterion....
The present invention provides a high-lethality low collateral damage fragmentation warhead. The case is formed of a material that is pulverized upon detonation of the explosive. As a result, the lethality radius of the pulverized case fragments is no greater than that of the gas blast, thus reducing potential collater...
A method for protecting an exposed low-k surface is described. The method includes receiving a substrate having a mask layer and a low-k layer formed thereon, wherein a pattern formed in the mask layer using a lithographic process has been transferred to the low-k layer using an etching process to form a structural fea...
The present invention is directed stromal cell derived factor-1 peptides that have been mutated to make them resistant to digestion by the proteases dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) but which maintain the ability of native SDF-1 to attract T cells. The mutants may be attached to me...
In accordance with the present invention there is provided a new class of sterically demanding metallo-intercalators. These compounds intercalate between bases in a duplex polynucleotide, but only where the bases are not fully complementary, for example, where there is a base-pair mismatch. The compounds are sufficient...
A conductor-filled damage propagation barrier is formed extending into a low-k dielectric layer between a fuse and an adjacent circuit element for preventing propagation of damage during a fuse blow operation. Conductor material filling the damage propagation barrier is formed from the same conductor layer as that used...
A protection arrangement for preventing damage at a continuous casting plant for slabs in case of a breakthrough of molten metal through the solidified strand skin, includes a collecting device for molten metal provided below the mould at a supporting stand for the strand and enclosing the strand in the peripheral dire...
A stacked semiconductor package includes a substrate having first and second contact pads. A first stacked package group is disposed on the substrate, and the first stacked package group includes first semiconductor chips stacked in a stair form to expose first edge bonding pads. First conductive wires are used to elec...
A damage detecting device according to one aspect of the present invention comprises a first speed generator, a second speed generator, a first waveform shaping section, a second waveform shaping section, and a determining section. The determining section compares a second rectangular wave shaped by the second waveform...
The present applications describes, inter alia, a retinal light management system that allows for removal of dangerous wavelengths of light while controlling the intensity of the remaining light that is allowed to pass to a user's eyes. In one embodiment, the system involves a pair of glasses that include filters t...
A method of forming a planarized final copper structure comprising the following steps. A structure is provided having a patterned dielectric layer formed thereover. The patterned dielectric layer having an opening formed therein. A barrier layer is formed over the patterned dielectric layer, lining the opening. An ini...
In initially setting a copying apparatus from a factory at a user's site of installation, an operator first connects the apparatus to power supply. Thereupon, toner density adjusting means in a developing unit is actuated to adjust the toner content of a developing agent in the developing unit to a predetermined va...
A system for use with electrical machines allows fast transfers to be made from one power source to another or fast reconnections to be made to a momentarily interrupted power source without subjecting the machines to unsafe voltage levels. The system short circuits the electrical machines to bring their residual volta...
A biological optical measurement instrument has a gain adjustment unit ( 40 ) configured to set the gain value according to the intensity of the passing light in the measurement data detected by the optical measurement unit ( 12 ), a gain storage unit ( 44 ) configured to store the damage gain value set by the gain adj...
A method and apparatus for dynamically controlling variation in an attribute of a light beam employing materials with unusually high electrooptical coefficients that are subject to optical damage from the light beam being controlled. The method includes providing a transmission medium composed of a high sensitivity ele...
The invention provides compositions useful for the treatment and/or prevention of damage to diarthrodial (synovial) joints and, in particular, traumatic synovitis, inflammation of the synovial membrane, and damage to the articular cartilage of the joint. Specifically, provided are compositions specially formulated for ...
A system and method for processing and/or cleaning substrates using sonic energy that eliminates or reduces damage to the substrates. In one aspect, the invention utilizes and produces low power density sonic energy to effectively remove particles from a substrate. In another aspect, the invention utilizes and generate...
External preparations for the skin which contain, as active ingredients, substances capable of preventing a reduction in the expression of the filaggrin gene in cultured human keratinocytes as induced by exposure to a gaseous phase (for example, betaines, polyols, crude drugs, and substances having an antioxidant actio...